The editors play a vital role for maintaining the quality of a journal. Therefore, every editor should have at least the following things:
The editor must have a doctorate degree (PhD) in the specific subject.
The editor should have expertise in the scope of the journal.
The editor should have a good publication record/patent in the specialized area.
The editor should recognize the responsibility of the role and all aspects of the work involved.
Responsibilities of Editors:
The editor should encourage authors to submit articles to the journal and establish a credible panel of expert reviewers. Editors are also responsible for providing feedback to reviewers when necessary and ensure that any feedback to authors is constructive. The responsibilities for editors are suggested below.
All editors should also familiarize themselves with the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) Code of Conduct and Best Practice’ for journal editors. This has a large resource on the topic of ethical conduct of journal editors, authors and reviewers.
Depending on how the journal is managed and how it is structured, an editor may have to make all the decisions regarding which articles to accept or reject for publication. Any decision involving unethical practice, will often involve the publisher or their representative alongside the Editor and Reviewer who has discovered the issue. Such cases will be decided by the Advisory Committee.
As an editor, you will contact on a regular basis the publisher, the authors and the reviewers.
The Managing Editor will work with the editor to agree on which articles to place in each edition, ensure that the Editor does not use more than the agreed number of pages per issue.
Duties of Editors:
Fair Play and Editorial Independence: Editors evaluate submitted articles exclusively on the basis of their academic merit (importance, originality, study’s validity, clarity) and its relevance to the journal scope, without regard to the authors race, gender, sexual orientation, ethnic origin, citizenship, religious belief, political philosophy or institutional affiliation. Decision to edit and publish are not determined by the policies of governments or any other agencies outside of the journal itself. The Editor-in-Chief has full authority over the entire editorial content of the journal and the timing of publication of that content.
Confidentiality: Editor and editorial staff will not disclose any information about a submitted article to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, other editorial advisers, and the publisher.
Disclosure and Conflict of Interest: Editor and Reviewers will not use unpublished information disclosed in a submitted articles for their own research purposes without the author’s explicit written consent. Privileged information or ideas obtained by editors as a result of handling the article will be kept confidential and not used for their personal advantage. Editors will recuse themselves from considering articles in which they have conflict of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships/connections with any of the authors, companies or institutions connected to the articles; instead, they will ask another member of the editorial board to handle the articles.
Publication Decisions: The editor ensure that all submitted articles being considered for publication undergo peer review by at least two reviewers who are expert in the field. The Editor-in-Chief is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal will be published, based on the validation of the work in question, its importance to researchers and readers, the reviewers’ comments, and such legal requirements as are currently in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The Editor-in-Chief may confer with the Advisory Committee in making this decision.
Involvement and Cooperation in Investigations: Editor (in conjunction with the publisher and/or society) will take responsive measures when ethical concerns are raised with regard to a submitted or published article. Every reported act of unethical publishing behavior will be looked into, even if it is discovered years after publication. If, on investigation, the ethical concern is well-founded, a correction, retraction, expression of concern or another note as may be relevant, will be published in the journal.